Last updated on January 10, 2019
Hi guys 🙂 Due to the recent carnaval and some travelling I have not been writing as much as I wanted so I will try to catch up a bit. So let’s talk about União Estável!
I was waiting for a long time to write this post as I did not want to give you misleading information. Basically I was waiting for my visa process to be over… and yes, finally today I have received my permanent visa for Brazil !!!!! You cannot believe my happiness when I got out from the Policia Federal with this little piece of paper! And the way how I applied for the visa is exactly on the basis of the União Estável which I will tell you about in this post.
Probably some of you are wondering now what is exactly this União Estável I am talking about. It is an official act that you sign together with your brazilian partner stating that you are in a stable relationship. Worth mentioning: IT IS NOT A CIVIL MARRIAGE! This can lead to a civil marriage as it happened in our case but for the visa process you actually only need the União Estável. It is also much easier to cancel it so in case something goes wrong between you and your partner in the future and you decide not to be together you just go to the same institution where you signed the paper (it is called Cartório) and that´s it. But on the other hand, it’s not recognized in Europe, so if you and your partner ever want to go back you might rather consider getting a civil marriage, which I will write about in one of the next posts. It’s also worth mentioning that applying for the visa on the basis of a civil marriage requires less documents.
Now maybe a few words about what you actually need to have in order to sign it 🙂
I WILL WRITE IT IN THE BIGGEST LETTERS POSSIBLE: PLEASE DO NOT HIRE A LAWYER TO DO IT!!! IT IS TOTALLY UNNECESSARY, YOU CAN DO EVERYTHING YOURSELF!
We hired a lawyer here in Salvador as we thought that she could facilitate the process but actually we only spent unnecessary money and she did not tell us anything we did not already know! Actually, she even complicated the process for us sometimes by giving misleading information via e-mail. So please listen to me and do not make this mistake!
The Cartório which I can definitely recommend here in Salvador is located under the following address:
Address: Av. Antônio Carlos Magalhães, 34 – Itaigara, Salvador – BA, 41800-700
You do not need to book an appointment, you just need to arrive to the Cartório with all the documents and at the entrance you will say to the lady that you need a password (senha) to sign the União Estável. Then you actually just wait for your number to be called on the electronic screen! One piece of advice: better arrive early to avoid long waiting times 🙂
Documents you will need to bring with you:
- Identity document for both parties – simply take the copy of the relevant page with the photo and authenticate it in the Cartório. There is a special place where you can do it in the Cartório and costs 3.60 reais for one page!
- CPF – in the previous post I already wrote how you can get it for the foreigners 🙂 easy and quick process!
- Birth Certificate of both parties – a little bit complicated here as you need to get this certificate in your home country, certify it firstly in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and then in the Brazilian Embassy and then you need to find an authorized translator here in Brazil to translate it onto portuguese! If anyone needs any contacts for the polish translators simply get in touch 🙂 There is unfortunately none in Salvador …
- Certificate of being single in your home country – exactly the same process as the one above.
- Sometimes they also want a proof of address like a apartment contract, electricity bill or even a brazilian relative officially writing that you live with them 🙂
My recommendation though – as the requirements can vary across different Cartórios, please check before going there, give them a call, drop them an email or simply go there to ask them about it, whatever you can just to see whether you have all of the necessary documents to avoid surprises 🙂
Once your password has been called you just go to the room where you will sign the document. Firstly, they will prepare a draft document for you to check whether everything is correct, like passport number, address etc and if yes you will get a payment slip 🙂 It is unfortunately not for free 🙂 Again I guess it depends on the Cartório but in our case we paid slightly over 300 reais. You go to either a place called Loteria or to a bank (they will tell you the names of the bank). If you go to the same Cartório as I did it will be very easy as you simply need to cross the road and go to the Shopping mall and Loteria is there!
Then you simply come back with the proof of payment, you get a senha again at the entrance but now you mention that you have already written the União Estável and you just need to finalize it and that is pretty much it 🙂 You will probably need a couple of hours and some patience so just bear this in mind !
União Estável is the key document for you to get the permanent visa in Brazil. Of course there are other ways, you can get straight away a civil and religious marriage or you can try to get an investor visa (if you are planning on investing in the country more than 250,000 reais) etc. But if you are here with your Brazilian partner I would definitely recommend considering this step. In my next post I will tell you exactly what you need to do next and what documents you will need in order to get a final DOT in the process and end up with a permanent visa for Brazil and a work permit as I did 🙂